Dome houses - construction technology

Dome houses – construction technology

A house with a dome is a variant of a frame-panel construction. The main function of the frame is a geodesic dome, the pillars of which are made of wood, and the connecting elements consist of structural steel, subjected to further chrome plating.

All wooden frame components are treated with a special bioprotective preparation to protect against harmful factors and moisture.

Basic principles of dome construction technology

Dome houses are based on the principles of geodesic structures, ensuring optimal load distribution and greater stability. These structures can be constructed from concrete, reinforced glass or steel pipes, allowing the optimal material to be selected depending on the specific requirements of the project.

Dome construction technology uses high-quality architectural calculations and software to accurately calculate the building’s geometric parameters. This guarantees not only stability, but also efficient use of space inside the house.

Technological aspects include the use of the latest building management systems, which makes it possible to automate energy saving management processes and ensure a comfortable life for residents of domed houses.

The application of the principles of “green architecture” makes it possible to create energy-efficient buildings that use natural resources and reduce their impact on the environment.

Dome houses can be designed for a variety of functions, including housing, commercial structures, art spaces and more. This makes dome construction technology universal and adapted to different customer needs.

Materials for dome construction

Dome houses are made from high-quality and durable materials, such as polymer concrete, reinforced fiberglass, aluminum or steel. The use of such materials guarantees the durability and reliability of the structure.

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Inflatable concrete used in the construction of domed houses makes it possible to easily form and adapt the shape of the building, ensuring high stability and optimal weight of the structure.

Particular attention should be paid to the choice of materials for insulating the roof and walls. The use of modern thermal insulation materials allows for high energy efficiency of the house.

An alternative to traditional materials is the use of glass and its modifications, such as glass panels, to maximize the use of natural light and provide excellent thermal insulation.

It is important to consider the impact of the selected material on the environmental performance of the house. Using renewable materials and minimizing emissions helps create eco-friendly homes.

Stability and direction of loads

Dome houses have great stability due to their geodesic shape, which distributes the load evenly over the entire surface. This reduces the risk of point loads and guarantees long-term operation.

The direction of loads in domed houses is an important aspect when designing them. The stability of the structure against wind or snow loads is ensured by the correct calculation of the shape and angles of inclination of the dome.

The optimal geometry of dome structures allows for a large number of windows and open spaces without compromising the stability of the building. This makes them especially attractive for creating recreational areas or art spaces.

Geodesic structures of domed houses are developed taking into account the specifics of the relief and soil of the construction site, which ensures optimal direction of loads and minimizes the risk of landslides or subsidence.

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Additional stability can be provided by the use of reinforced posts or frames, which allows the structure to be tailored to specific construction conditions.

Energy efficiency and optimal energy use

Dome houses are highly energy efficient due to their low ratio of structure volume to cladding area. This ensures effective heat retention in winter and coolness in summer.

Innovative solutions to improve energy efficiency include the use of solar panels, geothermal systems and other renewable energy sources. This allows dome houses to reduce energy costs and be environmentally friendly.

The energy efficiency of domed houses can be increased through the introduction of smart home technologies, which allow optimizing the use of electricity depending on the needs of residents and external conditions.

The use of heat-saving and sound-insulating materials in the design of domed houses helps reduce heating and air conditioning costs. This ensures a comfortable microclimate inside the building and reduces operating costs.