Modern technologies for building cottages

Modern technologies for building cottages

The increased demand for the construction of cottages contributes to the rapid development of technology and the production of new materials in this industry. Modern technologies solve the main problems of price and quality, and also significantly reduce the time period for putting a facility into operation – building a cottage in one season.

Design and advantages of frame technology

One of the most popular construction technologies is prefabricated buildings with wooden or metal frames.

Wooden frame

When constructing a wooden frame, it is important to pay attention to the moisture content of the board, which, when dried, reduces its size. The size actually does not change along the length. The dimensions are clearly reduced in thickness and width. Changing the width of the board leads to irreparable results.

Glued laminated timber is the most popular material for a frame. Boards prepared for construction should be:

  1. dry, processed in a special way;
  2. aligned in the direction of the fibers;
  3. glued under pressure.

Compliance with these requirements will extend the service life and improve the quality of the design.

A wooden frame structure is much lighter and easier to construct than a house with a metal frame.

Metal carcass

Unlike a wooden frame, a metal frame has:

  1. high strength and durability;
  2. resistant to external weather conditions;
  3. disadvantage: poor thermal insulation, additional insulation is required.

To protect parts, the metal profile is made of coated galvanized steel.

Tip: the metal profile is ideal and straight, making it easier to erect the structure, saving time on assembling the frame.

Modern materials for insulating cottages

To insulate houses with a metal frame, mineral wool is used , which is made from basalt rocks, is resistant to high temperatures and is not flammable.

See also  Advantages and disadvantages of a spiral staircase

Also used are polyurethane foam (foam rubber) or polystyrene foam (foam) insulation materials , which are practically non-flammable and do not emit harmful substances at high temperatures.

The walls of the frame structure are sheathed with sheets of durable dense plywood or OSB, which have high strength characteristics; practicality, durability, environmentally friendly and easy to install.

To ensure sufficient strength and rigidity of the structure, the thickness of the OSB sheet must be at least 1.5 cm. Fastening elements for both wood and metal are self-tapping screws.

Finishing materials can be: plastic or wooden lining, sandwich panels, etc., which have their own fastening features.

Roofing for a cottage

At the final stage, the roof is erected, which is a reliable protection for the building and decoration of the house. It serves as an important load-bearing element for waterproofing and thermal insulation.

The roofs have an individual design: flat or pitched. Preference in private houses is given to pitched roofs. The classic, most common design is considered to be a gable roof. Roofs with four slopes, two of which are trapezoidal in shape, and the other two are triangular in shape, are called hip roofs. Their resistance to strong winds has made them popular in regions with suitable weather conditions. Slate roofs today are replacing materials such as bitumen shingles and metal tiles.

TISE house construction technology

New, popular technology – TISE is economical and simple.

Using a hand drill, a columnar strip foundation is prepared. Hollow blocks are formed using formwork. The high load-bearing characteristics of the pile foundation ensure the strength of the structure. The formwork elements are connected with special fasteners.

See also  Pantone Color of the Year 2024 Peach Fuzz in Home Interiors

Houses built using TISE technology provide high energy savings. The thermal conductivity of the walls is not inferior to brickwork.

TISE is attractive due to its low costs of building materials. The structures are no different from brick houses in terms of durability and strength. Thanks to TISE technology, you can choose any filler for walls, for example, you can combine brick and concrete. Innovative technologies are being actively introduced around the world and are being improved every year.